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ahurissant (reminiscence du cerveau ancestral )

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PostPosted: 09/03/2006 17:14:53
dans le site de granham hanckok il est question d 'une famile de frere et de soeurs quimarchent a 4 pattes de facon permanente et le profeseur explique cela par une reminiscence du cerveau ancestral qui se souvient du temps ou nous etions tels des singes!!!!!!!!!
lisez et ceux qui pratiquent l 'anglais mieux que moi seraient aimables de nous en faire profiter plus en detail merci

Family may provide evolution clue

The siblings may have reverted to an ancient form of locomotion (Image: Passionate Productions/BBC)
Five siblings from Turkey who walk on all fours could provide science with an insight into human evolution, researchers have said.
The four sisters and one brother could yield clues to why our ancestors made the transition from four-legged to two-legged animals, says a UK expert.

But Professor Nicholas Humphrey rejects the idea that there is a "gene" for bipedalism, or upright walking.

A BBC documentary about the family will be shown on Friday 17 March.

Professor Humphrey, from the London School of Economics (LSE), says that our own species' transition to walking on two feet must have been a more complex process that involved many changes to the skeleton and to the human genetic make-up.

However, a German group says a genetic abnormality does seem to be involved in the siblings' gait.

Coordination problem

Three of the sisters and one brother have only ever walked on two hands and two feet, but another sister alternates between a bipedal and quadrupedal gait. Another brother walks on two feet all the time, but only with difficulty.

Calluses on the hands show the behaviour is no hoax (Image: Nicholas Humphrey)
The siblings live with their parents and five other brothers and sisters. They were born with what looks like a form of brain damage.

MRI scans seem to show that they have a form of cerebellar ataxia, which affects balance and coordination.

However, scientists are divided on what caused them to revert to quadrupedalism (walking on all fours).

The method of locomotion used by the Turkish children and by our closest relatives chimpanzees and gorillas, differs in a crucial way, said Professor Humphrey.

While gorillas and chimpanzees walk on their knuckles, the Turkish siblings put their weight on the wrists, lifting their fingers off the ground.

Tool use

"What's significant about that is that chimpanzees ruin their fingers walking like that," Professor Humphrey, an evolutionary psychologist, told the BBC News website.

The five quadrupeds grew up in a remote part of Turkey (Image: Passionate Productions/BBC)
"These kids have kept their fingers very agile, for example, the girls in the family can do crochet and embroidery."

He added that calluses pictured on the hands of one family member demonstrated that the behaviour was not a hoax.

Professor Humphrey said this could be the way that humankind's direct ancestors walked.

Hands which have kept the fingers dextrous would also have been able to manipulate tools, a key development which influenced the evolution of the human body and intelligence.

"I think it's possible that what we are seeing in this family is something that does correspond to a time when we didn't walk like chimpanzees but was an important step between coming down from the trees and becoming fully bipedal," the LSE researcher said.

'Infant walking'

Professor Humphrey thinks that the brain abnormality simply caused the siblings to rediscover a form of locomotion used by our ancestors.

"Because of the peculiar circumstances they were in, they kept walking as infants," he said.

But a team led by Stefan Mundlos of the Max Planck Institute in Berlin, Germany, thinks that the genetic abnormality which causes the children's unusual gait may have played a more fundamental role in evolution.

Professor Mundlos has located the gene on chromosome 17 and speculates that a gene important in the transition to bipedalism may have been knocked out in the children.

Producer on the documentary Jemima Harrison said the programme's producers were moved by the family's "tremendous warmth and humanity".

BBC Two's The Family That Walks On All Fours is broadcast on Friday 17 March at 2100 GMT

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PostPosted: 09/03/2006 17:14:53
PublicitéSupprimer les publicités ?
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PostPosted: 09/03/2006 19:21:45
Merci pour l'article mais penses à mettre la source de ton info la prochaine fois s'il te plaît Surprised

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PostPosted: 10/03/2006 12:20:50
Merci c'est siderant, je vous fait profiter de ce lien en
francais Shocked

Ces cinq personnes sont retournées à une forme instinctive de comportement inscrite dans les gènes humains, mais abandonnée au cours de l'évolution, estimait mardi dans le Times mardi Nicolas Humphrey, un anthropologue qui a contribué au documentaire.

Elles se déplacent en s'appuyant sur les paumes et en maintenant les doigts en l'air. Des scientifiques pensent que les premiers hominidés marchaient également ainsi, de sorte à préserver leurs doigts pour les opérations plus délicates qui ont été décisives dans l'évolution humaine.

Le mode de déplacement des frères et soeurs dévoile des possibilités "que personne n'aurait soupçonnées chez le squelette humain", a déclaré au Times le professeur Humphrey, de la London School of Economics.

Bien le bonjour Surprised Salut Surprised

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